What is male alopecia?
It is the premature fall or absence of hair in one or several parts of the body that would normally be covered with hair. Although the most common type of hair loss in men is androgenetic alopecia or male pattern baldness, there are other types of alopecia, these are classified into two large groups.
Non-scarring male alopecia.
They are the most common and can be improved by applying hair surgery treatments. In the case of male non-scarring alopecia in men, the hair follicle is not completely destroyed, but there is still a certain follicular structure that can be recovered through stimulation.
In turn, they are classified as:
● Androgenetic alopecia or male pattern baldness: it is the most common of all and affects approximately 50% of men at some point in their lives, usually before they reach fifty years of age.
● Alopecia areata: manifested by round patches totally depopulated of hair.
● Traumatic alopecia: caused by the use of hair dryers, metal combs or any other element capable of generating lesions on the scalp.
● Diffuse alopecia (chronic telogen effluvium): is the acute loss of hair after chronic systemic diseases, emotional stress, febrile illness or childbirth.
● Alopecia due to the ingestion of drugs or drugs in large doses.
● Alopecia due to systemic diseases of the endocrine or infectious type.
● Alopecia due to hereditary syndromes such as congenital atrophy, in the syndrome of Menkes or in the tricorhinofalángico syndrome.
Male cicatricial alopecia in male scarring alopecia there is a destruction of the hair follicles, which atrophy and are replaced by scar tissue, so that hair loss is irreversible. There are several types:
- Infectious alopecia, caused by fungi, viruses, protozoa or bacteria
- Alopecia by physicochemical agents, caused for example by prolonged exposure to X-rays
- Tumor alopecia, produced as a consequence of tumors, epitheliomas, lymphomas or metastasis.
- Alopecias by dermatosis: within this type of alopecia we can differentiate different subtypes such as sarcoidosis, follicular mucinosis or Graham Little syndrome.
- Alopecias due to hereditary diseases, as a consequence of the suffering of some type of congenital disease such as porokeratosis of Mibelli, the epidermal nevus, aplasia cutis, ichthyosis or Darier’s disease.
- Alopecias due to clinical decalvant syndromes: it presents as a clinical sign of conditions such as erosive pustular dermatosis, folliculitis decalvant, alopecia parvimaculata or pseudopelada de Brocq.
It is important to put yourself in the hands of a professional to detect what type of male alopecia the patient suffers and to draw the most appropriate treatment in a personalized way. If you are looking for a definitive solution to your alopecia, Dr. Panno is the professional you need.